They say that nature rests on the children of talented people. However, as practice shows it is all like betting at 22Bet, rather a matter of chance and how the stars come together. For example, Elon Musk managed to surpass even his parents and reach unprecedented heights. Some see him as a genius, opening a new era of humanity, others see him as a madman who makes the public laugh with his behavior and statements. Nevertheless, it is useless to deny that this man has already changed our world.
We tell you what fantastic innovations we owe to Elon Musk.
PayPal Internet Payments
In 2020, almost all of us have experienced all the delights of online shopping. No more driving to the mall, wandering around the stores for hours looking for the right items and then standing in line at the cash register. After all, we can just go online, make a choice and pay for our order with one click of the mouse. This was something no one could have dreamed of in 1999. No one except Elon Musk.
By that time, he had sold his first computer company for $300 million and decided to invest the proceeds in an incredible venture – the X.com electronic payment system. Musk planned to create a kind of intermediary platform that would send payments through the Net for a small percentage. He had a lot of ideas and a lot of experience in creating software, but he needed help from encryption security experts. Soon X.com teamed up with another startup, Confinity, and they created the joint brainchild that today is known worldwide as the PayPal payment system.
SpaceX’s Journey to Mars
After selling his share of PayPal to eBay in 2002, Elon Musk started thinking about space exploration and colonizing Mars. And that’s when he founded SpaceX, the first private company to build spaceships. First of all, Elon Musk intended to work on advanced reusable launch vehicles, which were developed before SpaceX, but never put into production. They were supposed to help humanity make space travel a reality. The results that Elon Musk’s company has achieved during its 18 years of existence are truly impressive. SpaceX successfully developed and launched into space a carrier rocket of a light class Falcon 1, a medium-class Falcon 9 (the first stage of which may be reused), and a heavy class carrier rocket Falcon Heavy (with the help of it SpaceX plans to deliver spaceships to Mars).
And, of course, it is impossible not to mention the Dragon – a spacecraft created by the company of Elon Musk commissioned by NASA, which is already used to deliver goods from Earth to the ISS and back. Its new version, Dragon 2, is designed for passenger transportation and can carry up to seven astronauts at a time. Elon Musk plans to further improve the Dragon so it can fly to Mars.
3D Transportation Network
As Elon Musk said, he has always been annoyed by traffic congestion in Los Angeles and the traffic restrictions associated with the existing 2D transportation network. And in 2016, his patience came to an end – he created The Boring Company (there are two translations – “drilling” or “boring” company), which began designing and building a futuristic and multi-level underground tunnel system. “To solve the problem of soul-wrenching traffic, roads have to be in 3D, which means either flying cars or tunnels,” said the inventor. – [But] unlike flying cars, tunnels are weatherproof, hidden from view and will never fall on your head.”
In late 2018, The Boring Company opened the first test tunnel under Los Angeles and simultaneously held a demonstration with a Tesla Model X moving through it. More recently, in May 2020, the company completed construction of the LVCC Loop, a high-speed underground transportation system in Las Vegas. Now The Boring Company is engaged in the final stage – the construction of the stations. So the LVCC Loop is expected to be operational as soon as this year.
SolarCity is a subsidiary of Tesla Motors, which designs, finances and installs solar energy systems. The idea is incredibly simple but progressive: the company produces small solar power plants that are installed on the roofs of homes, stores, and offices. Consumers pay neither for the product nor for its installation – SolarCity takes care of all these costs. For the next 20 years, customers only pay monthly bills for the energy they use.
Why does the company need this? This way, SolarCity wants to show people the benefits of using solar power plants – saving money and helping the environment by getting rid of harmful emissions. And in 2016, SolarCity teamed up with Tesla Motors to conduct a large-scale experiment, providing solar power to the entire island of Tau, American Samoa, with a population of 600 people. They managed to electrify all the buildings by installing 5,328 solar panels and about 60 high-capacity battery systems. SolarCity hopes that this experiment will inspire other countries and cities to use “clean” energy sources.
Tesla, of which Elon Musk is the face, unveiled a new vehicle model in 2019 that the inventor himself calls “the official pickup truck of Mars.” Equipped with a built-in autopilot system and adaptive air suspension, the Cybertruck has a concise design that was inspired by the James Bond movies. Its body is made of heavy-duty steel (it is also used to create SpaceX space rockets), the windows are armored, and there are solar panels on the roof, which will allow the car to travel up to 800 km without recharging.
Tesla plans to produce the Cybertruck in three modifications, with its fastest version being able to accelerate to 100 km/h in 2.9 seconds. The company is already taking pre-orders for the car. It is expected that the first customers will receive their Cybertruck pickups in 8-9 months, and “older” models will be on sale closer to 2022.
The Hyperloop is a high-speed forevacuum train project proposed by Elon Musk in 2013. According to his idea, single transport capsules will move through an above-ground pipeline, the pressure in which is reduced to almost vacuum. Thus, the capsules will not have to overcome the friction of the support and the counter resistance of the air, which will allow them to move at a speed of 480 to 1102 km/h – two times faster than an airplane and three to four times faster than a high-speed train. Using Hyperloop, it would be possible to get from Los Angeles to San Francisco (561 km) in 30 minutes.
Curiously, immediately after the presentation of the project Elon Musk gave it to the world – he published a detailed description of the idea of Hyperloop on 58 pages and allowed all enthusiasts to try their hand at its implementation. Many large organizations in different countries were interested in the project. At the moment, work is already underway to create tunnels for the Hyperloop in the U.S., Dubai and China.
Chips for Healing and “Mind Reading”
Chips that will be implanted in the brain are no longer a fantastic idea of futurologists and writers, but a very real project, which is being implemented by the company Neuralink, founded by Elon Musk. In May 2020, the inventor gave an interview to Joe Rogan, in which he said that “within a year” he would be able to provide the results of this work. According to Musk’s vision, the N1 chips will be used to treat, monitor well-being and “communicate” with paralyzed patients by transmitting their thoughts to electronic media.
“We will literally cut out a piece of the skull and then install the Neuralink device there. After that, strands of electrodes are very carefully connected to the brain, and then everything is sewn up. The device will interact with any part of the brain and will be able to restore lost vision or lost functionality of limbs”, – explained the inventor. It is also assumed that it will be possible to connect to the chip wirelessly – via Bluetooth.
Elon Musk added that the device will effectively solve any problems related to the brain – from prevention of epilepsy attacks (N1 will detect the focus and neutralize it in time) to memory recovery for Alzheimer’s disease. The chips have already been tested on mice and monkeys, and experiments will soon take place to implant the N1 in humans.